Reverse Tabnabbing

"Reverse Tabnabbing" is a vulnerability that allows an attacker to deceive users by tampering with links, leading to potential phishing attacks or the disclosure of sensitive information.

One commonly detected vulnerability in wep applications is known as "Reverse Tabnabbing." This vulnerability allows an attacker to deceive users by tampering with links, leading to potential phishing attacks or the disclosure of sensitive information. This step-by-step manual will guide you through the process of fixing the Reverse Tabnabbing vulnerability in your web application.

Section 1: Understanding Reverse Tabnabbing

1.1 What is Reverse Tabnabbing? Reverse Tabnabbing is a technique where a malicious actor alters a link's behavior to open a new tab or window while keeping the original page active. The attacker then replaces the original content with a phishing page or modifies it to deceive the user into providing sensitive information.

1.2 How does Reverse Tabnabbing work? When a user clicks on a link, it opens in a new tab or window. The attacker exploits this behavior by using JavaScript to change the target URL or the window.opener object, causing the new tab to navigate to a malicious website while the original page remains open.

Section 2: Preventing Reverse Tabnabbing

To fix the Reverse Tabnabbing vulnerability, follow these steps:

2.1 Identify and Locate Vulnerable Links Scan your web application to identify the links susceptible to Reverse Tabnabbing. Look for links that open in a new tab or window and could potentially be manipulated by an attacker


<a href="" target="_blank">Click here</a>

2.2 Add a "rel" Attribute to External Links To prevent Reverse Tabnabbing, modify the vulnerable links by adding the rel="noopener noreferrer" attribute to the anchor tag. This attribute ensures that the new tab or window does not have a reference to the originating page.


<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Click here</a>

2.3 Implement Target Attribute Modification If you cannot modify all the links manually, you can use JavaScript to automatically add the "rel" attribute to all external links within your web application.


// Select all external links

var externalLinks = document.querySelectorAll('a[target="_blank"]');

// Add "rel" attribute to each external link

externalLinks.forEach(function(link) {

  link.rel = "noopener noreferrer";


2.4 Test and Verify the Changes After implementing the modifications, thoroughly test your web application to ensure the Reverse Tabnabbing vulnerability has been successfully fixed. Verify that the links open in new tabs or windows without retaining a reference to the original page.

Section 3: Additional Security Best Practices

To enhance the overall security of your web application, consider implementing the following best practices:

3.1 Regular Security Audits and Scans Perform periodic security audits and vulnerability scans to identify and address any new or existing vulnerabilities, including Reverse Tabnabbing. This proactive approach helps maintain the security of your application and protect against emerging threats.

3.2 Keep Libraries and Dependencies Up-to-Date Regularly update and patch the libraries, frameworks, and dependencies used in your web application. Outdated components can introduce security vulnerabilities that attackers can exploit.

3.3 Implement Content Security Policy (CSP) A Content Security Policy (CSP) helps protect against various types of attacks, including Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) and Clickjacking. By defining a policy that restricts the sources of content, you can mitigate the risk of unauthorized scripts or malicious content being loaded.

3.4 Educate Users and Encourage Vigilance Educate your users about phishing attacks, suspicious links, and safe browsing practices. Encourage them to report any suspicious activities or unexpected behaviors encountered while using your web application.


Fixing the Reverse Tabnabbing vulnerability is crucial for ensuring the security and trustworthiness of your web application. By following the steps outlined in this manual, you can mitigate the risk of users falling victim to phishing attacks or information disclosure. Additionally, implementing the recommended security best practices further strengthens your application's overall security posture. Regular maintenance, vigilance, and staying informed about emerging threats are essential to maintaining a secure web environment.

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